From earliest times, gemstones have been valued for their beauty and rarity. Both ancient Indians and Babylonians believed that certain gems carried strange and wonderful cosmological powers. It may have been the Assyrians who first attached meanings to desired gems as early as 1400 B.C.
In both the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, gemstones are given significant mention. In Exodus, the breastplate of the Jewish high priest contained 12 stones in four rows of three each to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. At the end of the Bible, in Revelation, St. John describes the 12 beautiful gemstones that were laid in the foundation of the New Jerusalem.
During the first century, Flavius Josephus connected specific gemstones to thesigns of the zodiac. Wearing the right stone each month would ensure access to special healing or magical powers. Those who could afford such luxury collected all 12 stones so that they were adequately empowered and protectedthroughout the year.
Later, Jewish gem traders in Poland or jewelers in Germany may have created the first birthstones listings, which were quickly popularized in poetry. The famous jewelry business Tiffany & Co. published one of several Gregorian Birthstone Poems in 1870. Specific qualities were assigned to the gems as they were matched with months of the year.
A modern list was created in 1912 by the National Association of Jewelers and updated in 1952. In 2002, tanzanite was added to the December listing, and just four years later, the ambitious tanzanite cartel suggested giving this particular stone to every child rather than just those born in December. They promoted sales with the logo, “Be Born to Tanzanite.” The fact that most people haven’t even heard of tanzanite would suggest that their promotional drive did not really catch on with the public.
While the truth is that a gemstone is probably little more than a lovely piece of Mother Nature’s handiwork, below, you can find the stone that matches your birth month and discover its fabled benefits:
January-Garnet is found in every color except blue. It might prevent nightmares and snakebites and can provide directional guidance in darkness. Wearers may see an increase in their self-image, will power and energy levels, and nervous people may feel calmer. Faith, love and constancy are its attributes.
February-Purple amethyst speaks of peace, temperance, serenity and royalty. Wearing this stone may protect you from the effects of drunkenness. The Pope always wears an amethyst ring.
March-Pale blue aquamarine gemstones and the bloodstone are associated with good health, youth, love and hope. Wearing this gem may reawaken married love, build your courage and increase your happiness.
April-Diamonds come in several colors, but they share the same association with eternal love and invincibility. It was once believed that they could also ward off insanity.
May-Green emeralds speak of health, faithfulness, fertility and improved eyesight.
June-The cool, milky beauty of pearls or moonstones suggest chastity, modesty and stable marriage relationships. These gems are available in sophisticated black, gray, chocolate and the familiar creamy-white colors.
July-Red rubies are tokens of harmony and peace. Their beauty speaks of strength and nobility of character. Wearers may attract both good luck and good friends.
August-Light green peridot has its own charming sparkle. Tradition says you will be able to successfully ward off evil, enchantments and depression if you wear or carry peridot.
September-Sapphires are available in a variety of delicate colors in addition to the more common blue shades. They speak of dignity, loyalty, serenity, faith, purity and wisdom.
October-Opals and tourmaline represent hope, creativity and innocence. They also protect the wearer from envious, mal-intentioned people.
November-Yellow topaz and citrine are associated with strength and healing for both body and mind. They offer protection to travelers and support good mental health.
December-Turquoise, blue topaz and tanzanite represent a happy life that is filled with good fortune. Headaches may be relieved or prevented. Ancient practitioners believed that turquoise would actually change color when the wearer was ill or in danger.
RedCJewels created this beautiful Birthstone Chart by Month
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Yellow Topaz, Citrine
Blue Topaz, Turquoise
Birthstones by Zodiac Sign
Aquarius Zodiac Stone: Garnet
Jan 21 - Feb 18
Garnet: Friendly and humanitarian, honest and loyal, original and inventive, independent and intellectual. Intractable and contrary, perverse and unpredictable, unemotional and detached.
Pisces Zodiac Stone: Amethyst
Feb 19 - Mar 20
Amethyst: Imaginative and sensitive, compassionate and kind, selfless and unworldly, intuitive and sympathetic. Escapist and idealistic, secretive and vague, weak-willed and easily led.
Aries Zodiac Stone: Bloodstone
Mar 21- Apr 20
Bloodstone: Adventurous and energetic, pioneering and courageous, enthusiastic and confident, dynamic and quick-witted. Selfish and quick-tempered, impulsive and impatient.
Taurus Zodiac Stone: Sapphire
Apr 21 - May 21
Sapphire: Patient and reliable, warmhearted and loving, persistent and determined, placid and security loving. Jealous and possessive, resentful and inflexible, self-indulgent and greedy.
Gemini Zodiac Stone: Agate
May 22 - Jun 21
Agate: Adaptable and versatile, communicative and witty, intellectual and eloquent, youthful and lively. Nervous and tense, superficial and inconsistent, cunning and inquisitive.
Cancer Zodiac Stone: Emerald
Jun 22 - Jul 22
Emerald: Emotional and loving, intuitive and imaginative, shrewd and cautious, protective and sympathetic. Changeable and moody, overemotional and touchy, clinging and unable to let go.
Leo Zodiac Stone: Onyx
Jul 23 - Aug 23
Onyx: Generous and warmhearted, creative and enthusiastic, broad-minded and expansive, faithful and loving. Pompous and patronizing, bossy and interfering, dogmatic and intolerant.
Virgo Zodiac Stone: Carnelian
Aug 24 - Sept 22
Carnelian: Modest and shy, meticulous and reliable, practical and diligent, intelligent and analytical. Fussy and a worrier, overcritical and harsh, perfectionist and conservative.
Libra Zodiac Stone: Chrysolite
Sept 23 - Oct 23
Chrysolite: Diplomatic and urbane, romantic and charming , easygoing and sociable , idealistic and peaceable. Indecisive and changeable, gullible and easily influenced, flirtatious and self-indulgent.
Scorpio Zodiac Stone: Beryl
Oct 24 - Nov 22
Beryl: Determined and forceful, emotional and intuitive, powerful and passionate, exciting and magnetic. Jealous and resentful, compulsive and obsessive, secretive and obstinate.
Sagittarius Zodiac Stone: Citrine
Nov 23 - Dec 21
Citrine: Optimistic and freedom-loving, jovial and good-humored, honest and straightforward, intellectual and philosophical. Blindly optimistic and careless, irresponsible and superficial, tactless and restless.
Capricorn Zodiac Stone: Ruby
Dec 22 - Jan 20
Ruby: Practical and prudent, ambitious and disciplined, patient and careful, humorous and reserved. Pessimistic and fatalistic, miserly and grudging.
Modern Birthstones by Month
Each month has one or more gemstones associated with it. We will go over the birthstones for each month. The love of gemstones are selected many times due to birth month.
January Birthstone - Garnet
Garnet is a beautiful gemstone and is designated as the January Birthstone. Garnet is traditionally thought of as a burgundy red colored gemstone. There are so many different varieties of Garnet that it is actually available in almost every color. From yellow to dark brown, there are many types of Garnet; some semi precious and some so very precious they are collectable and known by few. Some of the most beautiful gems in the world are garnets. So for those who thought a Garnet is common, well it is not. Garnet is one of the most beautiful and collectable gems on the market.
This stone is also given as a present for 2nd Wedding Anniversaries.
February Birthstone - Amethyst
Amethyst is a semi precious gemstone which is available in colors ranging from a light lavender rose color to almost a purple black. Amethyst is the February Birthstone and is also given as a gift for the sixth wedding anniversary. Amethyst is from the quartz family and can be found all over the world. The most prized Amethyst at one time came from Russia. Today the Russian mines do not produce the famed Siberian Amethyst since the mines have been depleted for many years. Africa is a leading supplier of beautiful Amethyst today with rich Purple gemstones offering pink and red hues. Uruguay is also another famous Amethyst producing region where the colors can have an electric blue flash.
Amethyst is believed to induce peace, serenity and temperance in you, plus it will restrict sensual and alcoholic intoxication, which may be good or bad. Amethyst is said to improve your skin and hair, and prevent baldness.
March Birthstones - Aquamarine & Bloodstone
Aquamarine is considered a precious gem from the Beryl Family same family as the Emerald. This gem comes in a variety of Translucent/clear to Beautiful light sea blue/green colors. Bloodstone is green with red spots cut in cabochons form most of the the time but in high quality from can be found in faceted gemstones and is from the Chalcedony Quartz family. In the Middle Ages the red spots were thought to be the blood of Jesus and the stone was believed to have miraculous powers.
Bloodstone & Aquamarine have the attributes of good health, love, youthfulness, and hope. Sailors believe in its protection. These stones are usually given as a gift for a 19th Wedding Anniversary gift.
April Birthstone - Diamond
Diamond is one of the most precious gems found on Earth. The hardest gemstone and used in many types of Technology other than Jewelry. Diamonds come in a variety of colors from White / transparent to Black. April’s stone the diamond is also believed to heal and are traditionally linked to love, and both endure forever because of diamond’s eternal strength.
The Diamond is traditionally given as a gift on the 10th Wedding Anniversary and 60th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
May Birthstone - Emerald
Emerald is another precious gemstone loved by many around the world. Some of the most beautiful Emerald comes from Columbia. May’s green emerald is a symbol of rebirth, renewed youth and good fortune. Emeralds are believed to cure you of bad health, healing a variety of illnesses and insuring good health for the wearer. Also, it was believed that the wearer of emerald could see into the future.
The Emerald is given on the 20th and 35th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
June Birthstones - Pearl, Alexandrite & Moonstone
Ancient peoples believed the moonstone changed with the phases of the Moon. The pearl is associated with chastity and modesty. Stable marriages are said to be the result of pearls.
The Pearl is given on the 30th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
July Birthstone - Ruby
Ruby is a precious gemstone found in many parts of the World. Some of the most beautiful Ruby is from Burma. The Burmese ruby has been a favorite for hundreds of years. It has been exported all around the world. Today Most ruby is mined in Africa. Ruby is believed to be endowed with sacred powers by ancient Hindus, and is associated with royalty and power. Rubies will bring harmony of life to the wearer, so one can expect a peaceful life when wearing this stone.
The Ruby is given on the 15th, 40th and 80th Wedding Anniversary.
August Birthstone - Peridot
Peridot comes in many beautiful shades of green. It is one of few gems that is never treated for color in any way. Mined around the world some of the most beautiful Peridot comes from Asia and Pakistan. Peridot is believed to protect those who wear it from evil, particularly from the forces of darkness. It can also increase the healing power of medicinal drugs. Ancient Egyptians associated the gemstone Peridot with the sun.
The Peridot Gem is given on 16th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
September Birthstone - Sapphire & Lapis Lazuli
Sapphire and Lapis Lazuli are very different gems, Sapphire another Precious gem available in a range of all colors from Clear/Transparent to Black. Many people do not realize sapphires also comes in white, yellow, red, green, orange and other shades other than Blue! Lapis Lazuli a semiprecious gem mainly found in a Cabochon form is very unique in color, each stone has a color like no other in a combination of blue, black and gold.
Since the Middle Ages many people have given tribute to the sapphire due to both medical and spiritual healing properties. It is also said Faith and purity will come to those who wear this stone. It is also said this gem gives the wearer useful foresight into the future.
The Sapphire gem is given on the 5th, 45th, and 70th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
October Birthstones - Opal and Tourmaline
Opal comes in many varieties with values ranging from very little to Thousands of Dollars, Opal is a very popular gem today since many no longer believe it back luck to wear the gem if it is not your birthstone.
Tourmaline is a precious gem which comes in a rainbow of colors and can also range in price depending on the type type of Tourmaline bought. October’s opal wards off evil and nightmares. Opals are stones of hope and bringers of the virtues of innocence and purity. Opals stimulate healing and increase friendship and healthful emotions.
November Birthstones - Citrine and Topaz
Citrine is a Semi precious gemstone belonging to the Quartz family. Citrine comes in a variety of shades from very light yellow to a deep Wine colored burnt orange color. The most desired Citrine is the Madeira Citrine a deep burnt orange color rich and full beauty! Citrine is believed to carry magical healing powers through the power of healing and preserving one’s sanity. The stone is associated with life and strength of body and mind. It was once thought that the wearer would become invisible when danger was near.
The Citrine gem is given on the 13th Wedding Anniversary as a gift.
December Birthstones - Turquoise & Tanzanite
Turquoise is a very unique gemstone, usually cut in a cabochon form and opaque meaning the gem is not transparent. The gem comes in a variety of shades of blue, blue & black, and also a blue/green with black. The gem can be very costly. Navajo people believed turquoise stones were pieces of the sky that had fallen to Earth. Turquoise is also supposed to brings good fortune, good luck, and a happy life—All things everybody wants! The Turquoise gem is given on the 11th Anniversary as a gift.
Gemstones According to Numerology
Gemstones can also be selected according to a Numerology chart. Numerology is a science of numbers which dates back to ancient cultures. Numerologists believe that every number responds to it’s own unique energy source. They believe that when you wear a gemstone associated with your personal number, you will be able to tap into your hidden inner energy.
To find out what number represents your life path, us the following calculation below. This will tell you your stone based on your life path number according to numerology.
Add the numbers from your day of birth: 10 = 1+0= 1
Add the numbers from your month of birth: 11= 1+1= 2
Add the numbers from your year of Birth: 1970=1+9+7+0= 17
Add the results of the final numbers for the day, month and year of birth: 1+2+17= 20
If the final number is composed of 2 digits reduce by adding them. This is your life path number: 2+0= 2
Find Your Numerology Stone
Courage and Strength
Security, Diplomacy, Self-Confidence
Communication and Creativity
Green Quartz (Aventurine)
Balance, Stability, Well Being
Peace, Courage and Tolerance
Harmony and Light
Inner Light and Spirituality
Material Success, Self-Confidence and Intellectuality
Unconditional Love and Friendship
Whatever method you use to find the gemstone or stones that are right for you, the gift of these beautiful stones in your life may very well surprise you!